Anterior shin splints are a condition wherein the blood flow is obstructed from the anterior compartment due to overstressed tibilalis anterior.
Dull, aching, pain felt along the anterior side of the tibia. This can be a medical emergency due to lack of blood flow.
When over-stretched, the tibialis anterior becomes swollen. Normally, the anterior compartment is tightly constricted, so when the tibialis anterior swells up it can cause an obstruction of blood flow, which can cause severe pain.
Shin Splints (Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome)
Medial shin splints are more common than anterior shin splints.
Dull, aching, pain felt along the medial side of the tibia. Once it starts, any activity will aggravate it.
When over-stretched, the tendon of the tibialis posterior conflicts with the weakest area, which is the periosteum of the tibia. Small pain fibers of the periosteum are torn, which causes the pain and chronic inflammation.