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                        Anterior Knee Pain: Patellar-Femoral Joint Dysfunction

Definition:

An injury that occurs between the kneecap and the underlying femur.

Symptoms:

Inflammation and pain of the kneecap and femur

Causes:

The patella is forced with too much pressure against the femur or when it presses too much on one side or the other of the groove.


                         Patellar Tendonitis

Definition:

An injury that affects the tendon connecting your kneecap to your shinbone.

Symptoms:

Sharp pain when running or jumping and may persist as a dull ache after workout.

Cause:

Common in athletes whose sports involve frequent jumping –for instance, basketball, soccer, and volleyball players. Hence, commonly known as “jumper’s knee.”

   

   Medial Knee Pain: Acute: Injury to the Medial Collateral Ligament or the Medial Meniscus

Definition:

The medial collateral ligament of the knee is one of the four major ligaments of the knee.

Symptoms:

Acute pain, inflammation, and swelling in the medial knee.

Causes:

Stress due to the knee, often when landing, bending or on high impact.



                         Chronic: Degenerative Arthritis of the Medial Compartment

Definition:  

Also known as Osteoarthritis, typically is the result of articular cartilage damage and wear and tear from repetitive use that occurs throughout life.

Symptoms:

 Pain and irritation in the joints

Causes:

Prolonged use of joints and aging affect the chances of having this condition.


                         Lateral Knee Pain: Ilio-tibial Band Syndrome

Definition:

The iliotibial band is a superficial thickening of tissue on the outside of the thigh, extending from the outside of the pelvis, over the hip and knee, and just below the knee.

Symptoms:

Range from stinging sensation just above the knee joint to swelling where the band moves over the femur. The pain may not occur immediately during activity, but may intensify over time, especially as the foot strikes the ground.

Causes:

Can result from training habits, anatomical abnormalities, or muscular imbalances.